Short version of question:
A release of pianola rolls being mechanically played. Does “Artist” = original performer of performance which was coded into the piano roll?
On post # 248 of
vinyl LP “Legendary Masters of the Piano” released in ~1963 is 25 recordings of a Welte “Vorsetzer” mechanical player, on a Steinway, using playing rolls having been made from electrical recordings of the piano key and pedal usages in performances by Mahler, Grieg, Ravel, Debussy, … around 1910.
Is the artist for such a recording the mechanical player or the original performer (who wasn’t present for the ~1962 recording.)
(I am thinking that: The original performer is the artist. In the same way that a Sony Explode loud-speaker would not be the artist if I re-recorded a Count Basie recording being played through a Sony Xplode loud-speaker - Count Basie would remain the artist. That a recording and reproduction of piano mechanical behaviors should be treated in the same manner as a recording of microphone diaphragm behaviors and the playing back of that recording through a loud-speaker. (aka “tympanic” reproduction"). )
What about a recording of a midi file being played by a computer? I can see that the music has a composer. But who is the performer? (I have a image of an elephant being trained to push a button. If the button activates the playback of a midi file, is that elephant the performer?)