Short version of question:
A release of pianola rolls being mechanically played. Does "Artist" = original performer of performance which was coded into the piano roll?
On post # 248 of
vinyl LP "Legendary Masters of the Piano" released in ~1963 is 25 recordings of a Welte "Vorsetzer" mechanical player, on a Steinway, using playing rolls having been made from electrical recordings of the piano key and pedal usages in performances by Mahler, Grieg, Ravel, Debussy, ... around 1910.
Is the artist for such a recording the mechanical player or the original performer (who wasn't present for the ~1962 recording.)
(I am thinking that: The original performer is the artist. In the same way that a Sony Explode loud-speaker would not be the artist if I re-recorded a Count Basie recording being played through a Sony Xplode loud-speaker - Count Basie would remain the artist. That a recording and reproduction of piano mechanical behaviors should be treated in the same manner as a recording of microphone diaphragm behaviors and the playing back of that recording through a loud-speaker. (aka “tympanic” reproduction"). )
If re-performance rings your bells check out A Brief History of Re-performance
or vist the Federation Bells electro-mechanical carillion near ther Yarra River in Melbourne Australia.
What about a recording of a midi file being played by a computer? I can see that the music has a composer. But who is the performer? (I have a image of an elephant being trained to push a button. If the button activates the playback of a midi file, is that elephant the performer?)