There are brief descriptions on the relationships themselves:
Single from: “This indicates that a single or EP release group includes at least one track taken from an album release group. This allows a release group to be linked to its associated singles and EPs.”
Included in: “This indicates that a release group was included in another. This allows linking release groups (often albums) to box sets and other compilations that contain them.”
I agree with @cheezmo that a single with bonus tracks (or non-album B-sides, as they used to be known back in the day) should have a ‘single from’ relationship to its associated album.
The Grimes example is, to me, clearly not a ‘single from’ relationship. I’m inclined to agree with @danBLOO that no RG-RG rel is appropriate here. The track on the dj-mix is 2:51 while the original mix is 3:40, so at most it’s only “partially included in” the dj-mix.
There should very likely be some recording-recording relationship, possibly “edit of” or “remix of”, but without hearing the whole thing I couldn’t say for sure.
In common sense terms, “single from” implies to me a contemporary relationship (a single released as part of the promotion of an album) while “included in” suggests things bundled together after the fact.